What are STIs?

STIs generally fall into four categories:

  1. Viruses e.g. HIV, herpes, genital and anal warts;
  2. Bacteria e.g. chlamydia, gonorrhea;
  3. Fungi e.g. thrush or
  4. Parasites e.g. crabs and scabies.

HIV positive men and STIs

If you have HIV here and some things you might consider:

  • An STI may be more severe and more difficult to treat. If is also more likely that viral infections like herpes will recur more often than for an HIV-negative person;
  • Some STIs (e.g. hepatitis A or B) can dramatically increase HIV viral load in body fluids – including cum and pre-cum – because the immune system is fighting both the HIV infection as well as the other STI. An increased viral load means there is a greater risk of passing HIV on if you are having unsafe sex.




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